The ASVAB (Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery) is used to identify whether a candidate is qualified to enlist in a particular branch of the U.S. Military. If you want to join the Coast Guard then you are going to be taking the ASVAB.
The ASVAB test is also used to determine which jobs (referred to as "Ratings" in the Coast Guard), enlistment bonuses and salary-level a candidate is eligible for. A high score will improve your chances of getting the job and signing bonus you want.
The ASVAB is a large test containing a total of approximately 200 multiple-choice questions that cover a wide variety of topics or categories. In fact, the ASVAB contains questions from nine (9) specific categories or sub-tests as shown below.
Your scores on these individual sub-tests are used by the Coast Guard to calculate 2 (two) important types of scores: your Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) score and your Composite Scores. Your AFQT score is used to determine if you are eligible to enlist in the Coast Guard. Your Composite Scores will determine which jobs, or Ratings, you are eligible for. Let's go through each of these separately.
Please take a look at our AFQT Overview for a full review of the AFQT and how it is calculated. In short, the Coast Guard will evaluate your scores on four (4) of the ASVAB sub-tests to calculate your AFQT. The sub-tests used to calculate your AFQT are:
Each branch of the military sets its own standards for enlistment. For most branches, a much higher AFQT score is required from applicants with a GED than their counterparts with a high school diploma. The Coast Guard is no exception. The minimum AFQT scores to enlist in the Coast Guard are:
Minimum AFQT Score (with High School Diploma): 40
Minimum AFQT Score (with GED): 50
Jobs in the Coast Guard are called "Ratings". The Coast Guard breaks down your ASVAB sub-test scores into groups to find the Rating(s) that you qualify for.
The 9 total ASVAB sub-tests are:
The Coast Guard Ratings are:
|Rating||ASVAB Sub-tests||Minimum Scores|
Aviation Maintenance Technician (AMT)
213 (Minimum AR of 52)
Aviation Survival Technician (AST)
162 (Minimum AFQT score of 65)
|Avionics Technician (AVT)||MK+EI+GS||171 (Minimum AR of 52)|
|Boatswain's Mate (BM)||VE+AR||101|
|Damage Controlman (DC)||VE+MC+AS||152|
|Electrician's Mate (EM)||MK+EI+GS||152 (Minimum AR of 52)|
|Electronics Technician (ET)||MK+EI+GS||171 (Minimum AR of 52) or AFQT of 66|
|Food Service Specialist (FS)||VE+AR||106|
|Gunner's Mate (GM)||AR+MK+EI+GS||208|
|Health Services Technician (HS)||VE+MK+GS||154|
|Information Systems Technician (IT)||MK + EI + GS||171 (Minimum AR 52)|
|Investigator (IV)||None Established|
|Machinery Technician (MK)||AR+MC+AS||150 or VE+AR of 106|
|Marine Science Technician (MST)||VE+AR||115 (Minimum MK of 58)|
|Operations Specialist (OS)||VE + AR||106|
|Public Affairs Specialist (PA)||VE+AR||110 (Minimum VE of 60)|
|Port Security Specialist (PS)||VE+AR||101|
|Storekeeper (SK)||VE+AR||106 (Minimum VE of 52)|
|Yeoman (YN)||VE+AR||106 and NO+CS of 101|
Above Information Courtesy of United States Coast Guard
If you are serious about earning high scores on the ASVAB and jump-starting your career you need to prepare wisely for the ASVAB. No system produces better results than ASVAB Prep Tests.